The table below provides a mapping between WCAG 2.0 success criteria, the PDF/UA standard (ISO 14289-1) and PDF techniques for WCAG 2.0.

 

WCAG 2.0

ISO 14289-1 (File)

Applicable WCAG 2.0 Techniques

1.1.1 Non-text Content. (A)

7.3 addresses content requiring text alteration.

7.18.1 paragraph 4 addresses control descriptions.

7.18.6.2 addresses time-based media alternatives. Test, Sensory, and CAPTCHA use cases are addressed via the technical means used.

7.1 paragraph 1, sentence 2 addresses decoration.

PDF1

PDF4

1.2.1 Audio- only and Video- only (Prerecorded). (A)

7.18.6.2 addresses time-based media alternatives. Design-specific. It’s necessary that authors and developers consider this provision and ensure conformance.

General Techniques: http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/#qr-media-equiv-av-only-alt

1.2.2 Captions (Prerecorded). (A)

7.18.6.2 addresses time-based media alternatives. Design-specific. It’s necessary that authors and developers consider this provision and ensure conformance.

General Techniques: http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/#qr-media-equiv-captions

1.2.3 Audio Description or Media Alternative (Prerecorded). (A)

7.18.6.2 addresses time-based media alternatives. Design-specific. It’s necessary that authors and developers consider this provision and ensure conformance.

General Techniques: http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/#qr-media-equiv-audio-desc

1.2.4 Captions (Live). (AA)

Design-specific. It’s necessary that authors and developers consider this provision and ensure conformance.

General Techniques: http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/#qr-media-equiv-real-time-captions

1.2.5 Audio Description (Prerecorded). (AA)

7.18.6.2 addresses time-based media alternatives. Design-specific. It’s necessary that authors and developers consider this provision and ensure conformance.

General Techniques: http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/#qr-media-equiv-audio-desc-only

1.2.6 Sign Language (Prerecorded). (AAA)

Design-specific. It’s necessary that authors and developers consider this provision and ensure conformance.

1.2.7 Extended Audio Description (Prerecorded). (AAA)

Design-specific. It’s necessary that authors and developers consider this provision and ensure conformance

1.2.8 Media Alternative (Prerecorded). (AAA)

7.18.6.2 addresses time-based media alternatives. Design-specific. It’s necessary that authors and developers consider this provision and ensure conformance.

1.2.9 Audio- only (Live). (AAA)

Design-specific. It’s necessary that authors and developers consider this provision and ensure conformance.

1.3.1 Info and Relationships. (Level A)

7.1 - 7.10 and 7.20 address structure and relationships in content.

7.17 and 7.18 address structure and relationships in annotations.

PDF6

PDF9

PDF10

PDF11

PDF12

PDF17

PDF20

PDF21

1.3.2 Meaningful Sequence. (Level A)

7.2 paragraph two addresses the meaningful sequence of content.

7.17 addresses navigation features.

7.18.3 addresses tab order in annotations.

PDF3

1.3.3 Sensory Characteristics. (Level A)

7.1, paragraphs 6 and 7

General Techniques: http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/#qr-content-structure-separation-understanding

1.4.1 Use of Color. (Level A)

7.1, paragraph 6

General Techniques: http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/#qr-visual-audio-contrast-without-color

1.4.2 Audio Control. (Level A)

Design-specific. It’s necessary that authors and developers consider this provision and ensure conformance.

General Techniques: http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/#qr-visual-audio-contrast-dis-audio

1.4.3 Contrast (Minimum). (Level AA)

7.1, paragraph 6 and note 4

General Techniques: http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/#qr-visual-audio-contrast-contrast

1.4.4 Resize text. (Level AA)

Not applicable

G142

1.4.5 Images of Text. (Level AA)

7.3, paragraph 6

PDF7

General Techniques: http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/#qr-visual-audio-contrast-text-presentation

1.4.6 Contrast (Enhanced). (Level AAA)

7.1, paragraph 6

1.4.7 Low or No Background Audio. (Level AAA)

While ISO 14289 does not address this success criterion, conformance in PDF requires ISO 14289 conforming files and readers. The manner in which developers support this success criterion in PDF in not defined in ISO 14289 or ISO 32000.

1.4.8 Visual Presentation. (Level AAA)

Design-specific. It’s necessary that authors and developers consider this provision and ensure conformance.

1.4.9 Images of Text (No Exception). (Level AAA)

7.3 paragraph 1

2.1.1 Keyboard. (Level A)

Not applicable

PDF3

PDF11

PDF23

2.1.2 No Keyboard Trap. (Level A)

Design-specific. It’s necessary that developers consider this provision and ensure conformance.

G21

2.1.3 Keyboard (No Exception). (Level AAA)

7.19, paragraph 3

2.2.1 Timing Adjustable. (Level A)

7.19, paragraph three applies, but generally this rule is design-specific. It’s necessary that developers consider this provision and ensure conformance.

G133

2.2.2 Pause, Stop, Hide. (Level A)

7.19

General Techniques: http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/#qr-time-limits-pause

2.2.3 No Timing. (Level AAA)

7.19

2.2.4 Interruptions. (Level AAA)

7.19

2.2.5 Re- authenticating. (Level AAA)

Not applicable

2.3.1 Three Flashes or Below Threshold. (Level A)

7.1, paragraph 5

General Techniques: http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/#qr-seizure-does-not-violate

2.3.2 Three Flashes.(Level AAA)

7.1, paragraph 5

2.4.1 Bypass Blocks. (Level A)

Not applicable, unless the PDF includes repetitive real content. Page content, such as running headers and footers, must conform with 7.8.

PDF9

General Techniques: http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/#qr-navigation-mechanisms-skip

2.4.2 Page Titled. (Level A)

7.1, paragraphs 8 and 9

PDF18

2.4.3 Focus Order. (Level A)

7.1, paragraph 2, 7.18.1; paragraph 2, 7.18.3

PDF3

2.4.4 Link Purpose (In Context). (Level A)

7.18.5

PDF11

PDF13

2.4.5 Multiple Ways. (Level AA)

PDFs can conform with this provision in several ways, including outlines (7.17), links (7.18.5), and page labels.

PDF2

General Techniques: http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/#qr-navigation-mechanisms-mult-loc

2.4.6 Headings and Labels. (Level AA)

7.4

General Techniques: http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/#qr-navigation-mechanisms-descriptive

2.4.7 Focus Visible. (Level AA)

Not applicable

G149

G165

G195

2.4.8 Location. (Level AAA)

7.4, 7.17

2.4.9 Link Purpose (Link Only). (Level AAA)

7.18.5

2.4.10 Section Headings. (Level AAA)

7.4

3.1.1 Language of Page. (Level A)

7.2, paragraph 3.

PDF16

PDF19

3.1.2 Language of Parts. (Level AA)

7.2, paragraph 3.

PDF19

3.1.3 Unusual Words. (Level AAA)

Not addressed in ISO 14289. See ISO 32000-1, section 14.9.5.

3.1.4 Abbreviations. (Level AAA)

Not addressed in ISO 14289. See ISO 32000-1, section 14.9.5.

3.1.5 Reading Level. (Level AAA)

No Accessibility Support impact. This rule is design-specific. It’s necessary that application or document authors consider this provision and ensure conformance.

3.1.6 Pronunciation. (Level AAA)

PDF provides several mechanisms for deploying media and other options for pronunciation assistance. Design-specific. It’s necessary that authors and developers consider this provision and ensure conformance.

3.2.1 On Focus. (Level A)

7.18, paragraph 2

General Techniques: http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/#qr-consistent-behavior-receive-focus

3.2.2 On Input. (Level A)

7.18, paragraph 2

PDF15

3.2.3 Consistent Navigation. (Level AA)

7.1, paragraph 1, 7.17

PDF14

PDF17

G61

3.2.4 Consistent Identification. (Level AA)

7.1, paragraph 1

General Techniques: http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/#qr-consistent-behavior-consistent-functionality

3.2.5 Change on Request. (Level AAA)

7.19, paragraph 2

3.3.1 Error Identification. (Level A)

Design-specific. It’s necessary that authors and developers consider this provision and ensure conformance.

PDF5

PDF22

3.3.2 Labels or Instructions (Level A)

6.2

PDF5

PDF10

4.1.2 Name, role, value

7.18

PDF10

PDF12