Artist Vera Molnár began experimenting with early programming languages to produce randomly generated artwork in 1968. Considered a pioneer in generative art, her geometric creations are included in major museum collections.
Flash forward a few decades, and you can find AI generated art within the Museum of Modern Art in New York. In 2023, the museum displayed the exuberant, ever-changing artwork of Refik Anadol on an enormous screen. The abstract creation was made with artificial intelligence trained on artworks held within the museum’s collection.
AI artworks have been auctioned by Sotheby’s and exhibited at the Venice Biennale. Artificial intelligence has been folded into arts course curriculum at institutions like Columbia University and the Rhode Island School of Design.
These are just a few examples of how artificial intelligence has impacted the arts world. Like other technological advances, AI has inspired artists to explore both how art is created and what is defined as art.