BMP vs. JPEG
BMP and JPEG are two of the oldest image file types, dating back to the early 1990s. BMP files contain large, raw, high-quality images, which makes them better for editing. JPEG files automatically compress, so they’re generally smaller and of lower quality. Find out more about the features, history, and common uses of BMP and JPEG.
What is a BMP file?
BMP stands for bitmap, a raster-based file type designed in the early days of computer graphics to display images independently from devices. Because BMP files are information-rich, they tend to have large file sizes.
What is a JPEG file?
The Joint Photographic Experts Group developed the JPEG, now a widely popular raster-based image file. Built around an innovative lossy compression method, JPEGs strike a balance between reducing file sizes and preserving image quality.
What is the difference between BMP and JPEG files?
Both files are raster-based, dating back to the early days of computer graphics and digital photography. Both also display high-quality images that can be compressed. The main differences between BMP and JPEG are in how they compress image data, display color, and maintain image quality — as well as how they’re typically used.
JPEGs are more popular than BMP files these days, mainly due to the widespread use of smartphones and social media where JPEGs are the go-to file type.