Teaching kids animation and film production: a guide to creative activities and resources.
Dive into the world of filmmaking to give kids a creative plug socket and teach them valuable skills — and have fun in the process.
Hobbies are healthy. The Child Development Institute suggests that a consistent pastime gives kids the chance to express themselves, gain self-awareness and build self-esteem. As an overall part of childhood development, hobbies help develop important skills that can turn into lifelong passions. As a parent or guardian of young children, especially ones that are drawn to creativity, there’s no shortage of fun, educational hobbies you can explore together.
What’s special about filmmaking is that it combines creativity, teamwork and technology. From screenwriting to storyboarding to video production and beyond, it takes a tremendous variety of skills to make a film. But, thanks to the evolution of education and technology, today’s kids have a rich body of opportunities to flex their filmmaking muscles. With a little bit of guidance and a lot of creative licence, even small children can dip their toes in animation and film.
Let’s take a closer look at why you should consider exploring filmmaking with the young people in your life — and how to get started.
The benefits of introducing kids to filmmaking.
Aside from allowing them to express their creativity, introducing filmmaking to children improves skills like:
- Understanding how to read narratives
- Reading, writing and decoding
- Critical thinking and decision-making
- Leading and directing a team
For example, a talkative child who likes to document everything rather than go off of a script may be interested in starting their own Youtube channel and vlogging. At the same time, a child who likes structure could whip up their storyboard and script and create a feature-film style project. Each of these activities is multifaceted, requiring the child to use many skills and learn responsibility for producing a finished product.
If you think making films might be the right hobby for you and the children in your life, the first step is to figure out what type of film production to pursue.
Fun animation types for kids.
Animated films appeal to children because of their bright colours and accessible subject matter, making this format a great starting point for developing a hobby. Animation, as we all know, is the method of using photographed images to create the illusion of movement. Though it might seem complicated at first, there are so many ways for you to help kids approach animation projects that delight and challenge both of you.
Here are a few animation starting points:
Parents and guardians might remember stop-motion animation from films like The Nightmare Before Christmas and older classics like The Year Without a Santa Claus, but the technique is still popular with major animation studios today. To achieve that signature stop motion look, creators move objects in small increments and take frame-by-frame photographs, eventually combining each frame to create the illusion of independent movement.
Because it’s easy to shape, move and is just plain fun to work with, clay is one of the most common materials used in stop motion. Kids may be more familiar with the term claymation. When it comes to finding objects to use to make a stop motion animation, children can use almost anything — including food, home items, clothing or even Legos.
This unique animation display may inspire children to consider their own toys or objects around the house as the foundation for their film. Stop motion forces kids to use their imagination and give inanimate objects life. Some even use people as the subjects of their stop animation projects.
A critical aspect of stop motion to keep in mind is that it can be very time-consuming. According to The Strong, a 30-minute claymation-style film is made up of approximately 21,600 images. A full-length 90-minute claymation film can contain as many as 64,800.
So, if you and the children in your life have patience and dedication, in addition to creativity, stop motion might be the film technique for you.
Fans of the Disney classics like Cinderella, The Lady and The Tramp and more are already familiar with traditional animation. In it, the subject and scene are hand-drawn for each frame. It’s also known as 2D animation, classic animation, cel-animation or hand-drawn animation.
There are tons of exciting aspects of traditional animation that may inspire kids. Coming up with the story and then writing a rough first draught will engage kids who love to write. Then, creating a storyboard will be a fun visual challenge. After that, there’s all of the work that goes into character design and the animation itself — not to mention putting it all together in post-production to bring the still images to life.
For kids and adults looking for more of a technical challenge, there are many ways to animate using only computers. Rotoscoping animation, where artists trace over ever frame of live footage to create life-like animation, is a great way to learn drawing and animation techniques at the same time. Though it can be quite time consuming, rotoscoping might appeal to children interested in bridging the gap between modern and traditional mediums.
Remember the familiar bouncing ball that hops from word to word in a sing-along song? Well, those are motion graphics. Specifically, they’re infographics composed of animated text, shapes and figures that offer a great way to add emphasis to a point (or a song, message or even end credits) within a film.
While this process can be complex, with curiosity and the right creative tools, it’s definitely do-able. Kids who are interested in animation and film production but aren’t as interested in creating characters or developing narrative stories may want to learn more about motion graphics and how it can stand alone or add to other film projects.
Adults who remember the film Toy Story are already familiar with computer-generated animation. Also known as 3D animation, computer-generated animation is used in many animated films and in live-action movies today. In fact, it’s often done so expertly that the viewer doesn’t even know they’re seeing something computer-generated. The process of 3D animation consists of three main steps:
- Modelling: This is the storyboard phase of the process where you establish the scenes, layout and animation. Giving children the autonomy to determine these elements allows them to embrace their ideas and foster their inspiration.
- Layout: During this phase, creators decide on the look of each character and object. The technical applications encourage kids to appreciate the significance of each detail in the animation process.
- Rendering: The final phase, rendering, is where everything is compiled and put together into a final graphic. Now, kids get to see their vision brought to life after all the hard work — and the fun of creating, too.
Using relatively new technology, motion capture is taking the animation industry by storm. Motion capture is the method of capturing a live actor’s performance so that it can translate into a 3D character on screen.
Motion capture suits collect the real-life action. These hi-tech suits are tight-fitting and intricate and according to nofilmschool.com, can cost anywhere from $500 to $10,000.
This technique was particularly notable in the Lord of the Rings trilogy, where Andy Serkis’s Gollum character was filmed using motion-capture.
If the young person in your life is interested in experimenting with this animation style, it could help to research film production programmes in your area — particularly ones that allow children to dabble in motion capture without you having to shoulder the costs of the equipment.
Live-action production activities.
Not every child will be drawn to animation and that’s okay. Capturing real people in real settings uses just as much creativity as animation. And, if kids can’t decide between animation and live-action, that’s okay too — you can always combine the two.
With any video or film project, screenplays are a creator’s first step to a completed masterpiece. During the screenwriting stage, kids face the exciting challenge of writing dialogue and telling their story through locations, setting and mood. Inspiration for the construction of these elements can come from watching other films, school, friendships or even just taking a walk around the neighborhood.
For children who find themselves struggling a bit with the screenwriting process, here are some screenwriting tips to help encourage them:
- Set achievable writing goals.
- Read screenplays of other favourite shows and films.
- Write an outline but only use it for guidance, not as a concrete structure.
- Learn about screenwriting through books, classes, programmes and articles.
- Connect with friends who have an interest in or experience with screenwriting.
- Hold yourself accountable.
- Don’t be afraid to write what you want.
- Allow the audience to put things together for themselves.
- Don’t give up.
You can help kids learn to develop elements like story and dialogue by taking them to the films or introducing them to different writing prompts. Daily story writing is a great way to get the wheels turning in their head and encourage them to work with specific guidelines while still being creative.
A fun way to get a young person’s foot in the door with video production is to encourage them to make a music video. It allows kids to use different video techniques — and to start the process with a visual storyboard rather than a written screenplay.
Kids who are interested in trying out this type of production should stick to the following basics of making a music video:
- Build a storyboard.
- Find the equipment you’ll need.
- Create a shot list with basic shot coverage.
- Focus on getting the climactic shot.
- Edit your music video to create one coherent piece.
Although longer and requiring more work than music videos, documentaries offer plenty of rich subject matter opportunities — as long as it happened, it can become a documentary. The lives of historical figures, nature and world events are just a few of the many topics that may use a documentary style.
The first step is to find a subject matter that kids are passionate about — whether it’s their favourite animal, how their favourite food is made or even a place where they’d like to travel — and create a documentary about that. Give your young creator enough freedom to discuss whatever they want, while learning how to conduct research and fact check, both of which are essential skills for documentaries and even feature films.
Then comes the fun part — capturing footage with a video camera or even just a smartphone. The two of you can use your documentary as a good reason to visit a museum, a new neighborhood, the zoo or wherever else the subject matter takes you. Make sure that you capture enough footage to tell a good story about the topic.
Because documentaries are so much longer than most music videos or short animations, this is where film editing becomes especially important. Once you think there’s enough footage to work with, plan on teaching kids about video transitions, camera effects and other techniques that can better bring the story to life.
Whether or not kids choose to make a documentary, video editing is a critical skill to learn if they are seriously interested in film as a hobby. If the storyboard is the beginning of the creative process and the credits on the screen signal the end, editing is right in the middle — and every bit as important as capturing good footage. While there are many technical aspects to editing, it’s also a creative part of the process. And fun, too, especially when you have the right tools.
Luckily, there are numerous software programs available that can help. For example, Adobe Premiere gives kids access to the same tools Hollywood film editors use to make their films. Picking up video editing skills from a young age can give kids a big advantage later in life if they continue to make films — plus, it’s a fun way to learn and experiment throughout the creative process.
Diving into film camps for kids.
Camps are fun yet educational ways for kids to interact with like minds and explore their film production hobbies. Annual camps or gatherings can help launch their skills while also providing them with access to a community with similar goals and interests. If you think the young person in your life would benefit from something like this, consider this list of in-person and online film production camps.
- BAYCAT: BAYCAT offers multiple programmes for children and teens of all ages. Their mission is to “end racial, gender and economic inequity by creating powerful, authentic media while diversifying the creative industry. Through the education and employment of low-income youth, young people of colour and young women in the Bay Area and producing media for socially-minded clients, we are changing the stories that get shared with the world.”
- Facets: Facets has multiple virtual programmes for children and teens ages 8 - 17 who are interested in filmmaking. Programmes they offer include, but aren’t limited to:
- New York Film Academy: Even though they’re called the New York Film Academy, they have multiple locations around the globe. The NYFA has some of the world’s most renowned programmes for teens and younger children who want to make their way into the industry.
- Old School Films: This unique programme is tailored for individuals who are interested in making documentaries. Aspiring filmmakers partner up with professional storytellers to make a short 1 - 6 minute documentary about a senior citizen, family member, teacher or friend.
- Tech Camps: At Tech Camps students learn the basics of filmmaking, storytelling techniques, on-camera acting techniques and much more.
Exploring a life in film production
Kids who want to continue to explore their interest in film production as they grow older can research different education and career options. Check out this list of scholarships and programs that can help them along the way:
- Austin Alliance for Women In Media Scholarship: The selected winner will receive a scholarship amount of $5,000. College sophomores, juniors and seniors studying media within a 40-mile radius of Austin, Texas are eligible to apply.
- Against the Grain Scholarship: One winner will be selected to receive a scholarship for $1,000. “Applicants must be an U.S. citizen, national or permanent legal resident who is of at least 25% Asian and/or Pacific Islander ethnicity and be either a high school senior or a college student currently enrolled full-time at an accredited U.S. vocational, junior college or four-year college/university and must be a full-time, degree-seeking student by the upcoming academic calendar year and pursuing a major in the visual/performing arts (film, theatre, fashion, photography, graphic design, dance, music, journalism, mass communications etc.).”
- Centene Institute Anti-Vaping Scholarship: This $5,000 scholarship will be rewarded to three individuals who can create a “video message of length 30 to 60 seconds aimed to raise awareness about vaping, e-cigarette use and prevention education for peers.”
- New York Life Award: “The New York Life Award offers $500 scholarships to two students residing in Michigan, New Jersey, New Mexico, Mississippi or Montana whose works explore personal grief, loss and bereavement. Applicants must be in gradients 7-12.”
- One Earth Film Festival Young Filmmakers Contest: This contest is available for students in 3rd gradient through college. “Each film submission is based on one or several of the following topics: water, waste, food, transportation, energy, open space and ecosystems.” Each submission must be 3- 8 minutes long. Selected winners will be rewarded a $1,000 prize.
Learning the film-making process.
Draw-along videos and activity books are just a few resources for young learners. Listed below are additional resources available to help expand knowledge and practise introductory film production skills.
No good film is complete without a good screenplay. Here are resources to help your children enhance their screenwriting skills:
- ScreenCraft: ScreenCraft offers multiple blog posts, newsletters, contests and software to help build screenwriting skills. Their mission is to “foster the careers of emerging writers and filmmakers by providing inspiration and insight into the craft of screenwriting and the business of Hollywood and by connecting emerging talent with working industry professionals.”
- Scriptwriting apps and websites: Common Sense Media has compiled a list of helpful screenwriting apps and websites for students who are struggling with the writing process.
Because there are multiple animation styles, it can be a challenge to find a place to get started. Here are a few resources that can help:
- Adobe Animation Maker for Kids: An animation app for kids that combines the traditional elements of video editing software with powerful animation tools.
- Animation activities: Animation activities like coloured paper films, playdough films and creating your own stop-motion film are all great ways to boost creativity.
- TinkerLab: TinkerLab has multiple art and science-related activities for kids — all of which help the children explore their creativity through hands-on making.
Shooting films can be intimidating if you aren’t familiar with how a camera works. This is why it’s essential to help familiarise your child with different camera effects and the types of shots in films. Other basic terms like shot lists, frame rate, low-key vs. high-key lighting and principal photography. Resources that can help you to accomplish this include:
- How-to tutorials on YouTube: Look up your camera’s name on YouTube to find tutorials on proper use and the tips and tricks everyone should know.
- Digital Filmmaking for Kids Cheat Sheet: This book offers readers a one-stop-shop on everything kids should know before shooting their first film.
For some, editing is the most exciting part of filmmaking. It’s the step where everything comes together and is visualised as a whole, rather than individual scenes. However, it’s easy to get wrapped up in editing, especially if you aren’t sure how to proceed. Even those with the best video editing software could use additional help now and then.
The first step is to educate yourself and your child on common terminology associated with video editing. Then you should follow tutorials on how to edit a video using software of your choice. It is best to find one that is simple and easy to follow — from the beginning to post-production.
Learn the ropes together.
Filmmaking is just one potential hobby for kids — sports, music, theatre and many other activities can also help children develop into thriving adults. But, because so many households have access to video cameras on their smartphones, filmmaking is well within reach. As you and the young people in your life start to explore moviemaking, you’re both certain to discover new skills and learn about new talents you may have never known you had. There’s something for everyone in the world of film.
And, when the kids are ready to go off on and make films of their own, you’ll get even more joy out of the results knowing that you helped encourage them along the way.
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