Go into the woods with forest photography.
Get expert advice about everything you’ll need to understand to capture mesmerising forest photos that will grab your viewers’ attention.
Photo by Patricia Davidson
Grow your forest photography skills.
A subset of both landscape photography and nature photography, forest photography is, as it sounds, pictures of wooded areas. It may seem simple, but it’s a unique and challenging type of photography to learn and master.
Forests are considered visually messy. They are made up of different elements that can be hard to capture, from sticks to stumps and rocks, leaves, rivers and moss. If you want to create a stunning forest image and find serenity within the scenic anarchy, follow these forest photography tips to plant a seed of inspiration for your next project.
Location, location, location.
Before you go out and shoot, research and — if possible — visit the location you want to shoot. Take notes of the weather conditions, lighting (at different times of day), wildlife and anything else that might factor in to your forest pictures. Highlight areas that have interesting compositions for reference. If you can, drop a pin via a GPS app to help you to find those exact locations again.
“A lot of scouting is just going out for a hike and remembering, ‘This location has potential,’” says photographer Patricia Davidson. “I’ll take a mental note and often return under different lighting conditions.”
Don’t be afraid to get off the beaten path, literally and figuratively. Explore unfamiliar areas of the forest to get a fresh perspective on your photos. If you capture an image during the summer, return to that location to take pictures of the autumn leaves. Go beyond your local woods and visit a national park for a fresh perspective and more subjects to capture.
If you can’t get out for a longer research hike, you can find inspiration from landscape photos on social media or via the Discover feed of Adobe Photoshop Lightroom.
Photo by Patricia Davidson
Let there be light.
Forest photography is different from other landscape photography in that forests are far more forgiving when it comes to light. Unlike some scenes that look best on a sunny morning, forest pictures work nicely when it’s grey, cloudy or even rainy, as it can streamline the scene and add a more intimate, personal feel.
Plus, sunny days can make a potentially chaotic scene in the trees with bright beams of sunlight and dark shadows leading to too high a contrast in your forest photos. To achieve the best results, return at a different time of day, like early morning or around sunset (called the golden hour) when the sun is low in the sky. Take advantage of the warm, diffused light it provides for beautiful forest images.
Position your composition.
While a landscape can look beautiful in its own right, try and find an element in your forest that sets your scene apart. The forest is the visually noisy hub of an ecosystem, so spot segments of interest within it. Find a fascinating stream or unique tree trunk that can be the focal point of your photo. Shoot up at branches in the canopy of the forest to capture a bigger-than-life feeling.
Use leading lines, created by natural paths and fallen trees, to set your scene and direct the viewer’s attention to your main subject in the right circumstances. You can even use the dark shadows made from sunrays as leading lines. Light can enhance the sense of depth, but remember that it can blow out images too. If you don’t have the right light, fog and mist work well to give your pictures an authentic feel.
Equipment you need for forest photography.
You’ll need certain gear to capture wooded areas in all their glory.
1. Camera body
Get familiar with all aspects of your camera and camera settings before you start to shoot. Practice in manual mode, try out different ISO settings and more to learn what you like. Shoot with RAW images to make your edits easier in post-processing. “The first thing you need to do is get familiar with the camera you bought. You don’t want to be in a situation where some good light is happening, but you don’t know the settings of your camera,” Davidson says.
A staple of landscape photography, this lens has a significantly smaller focal length than a standard lens. Wide-angles allow more of a scene to be photographed without moving further from the subject. “I’ll always bring some sort of wide-angle lens. Most of the time, the 16 mm to 55 mm works pretty well in those kinds of situations,” says Davidson.
This lens’s physical length is shorter than the focal length, which creates a magnifying, zoom-like effect. Use a telephoto lens longer than 50 mm to produce the best forest images possible with less background blur.
Generally, a lens within the range of 70 to 200 mm f/2.8 is preferred for forest photography, as that combination best re-creates the way our brain visually processes object-to-background relationships.
Used for shooting small subjects, macro photography makes small objects appear larger than life. With a macro lens, you’re able to focus from infinity to 1:1 magnification, which will make the image reproduced on the camera’s sensors the same size or larger than the real-life object. Perfect for when you want to get up close and personal with the forest floor and the things that populate it.
Keep in mind that you will have a shallow depth of field when you shoot at such close range and keeping the camera still with a tripod or mount is essential for capturing crisp shots of small subjects.
A tripod is recommended for most environments, but it’s vital to capture your best forest photos when a strong breeze can put every leaf in motion. Tripods not only help avoid camera shake but also can help you to take sharper images, even in low light, as the canopy of trees can give off dark shadows.
“In the forest, you want to use a tripod because you’re not going to have that much light. Without one, you’re going to go home with blurry images,” says photographer Joseph Filer.
You also can set up long exposure photos with a slower shutter speed that you couldn’t achieve without a tripod.
Because it’s typically best to shoot forests on an overcast day (because brightness can wash out the vibrancy of your photos, as mentioned), this filter reduces the glare from condensation and wetness from rain or morning dew and enhances saturation naturally. This keeps that dynamic colour intact, but it will darken excess glare off water in your forest photos.
Know before you go.
Here are some helpful hints to make sure your forest photos come out looking as stunning as the wooded areas look in person.
- Use faster shutter speeds.
This is beneficial if you shoot handheld or on a tripod. Use a shutter speed of at least 1/100s. This accounts not only for the camera’s movement, but for anything moving in the scene, including foliage and branches.
- Narrow your aperture.
An aperture of f/11 to f/14 helps achieve a relatively large focus plane, with a slightly blurred background but sharp focus in the foreground. This is great for grouped multiple objects like a tree line.
- Shoot in RAW.
In addition to being able to adjust the white balance when you shoot in RAW, you’re also able to fix the exposure of your forest images after a shoot. Since RAW images keep intact all the data that forms the image, there’s more flexibility to modify your photo’s colours.
Photo by Joseph Filer
See the forest for the trees.
When you’re ready for post-processing, Adobe Photoshop Lightroom has the tools you need to amplify and organise your striking and beautiful forest photos. Quickly straighten and crop your image, add effects and filters, adjust colours and more, all within the same workstream. Once you fine-tune your edits, Lightroom Presets make it easy to apply your favourite adjustments quickly. With Adobe Photoshop integration, send photos back and forth without losing your train of thought.
Do more with Adobe Photoshop Lightroom.
Edit photos easily with Lightroom presets, Super Resolution, easily share photos from any device and access your projects anywhere with cloud photo storage management.
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