Color grading is the artistic counterpart to the science of color correction. Once you have balanced values, you can make subjective choices to alter the color of the light to your liking. Along with temperature, you can tweak chromaticity, otherwise known as hue and saturation, to produce a stylized aesthetic or mood. “Maybe you want a scene to feel warmer because it’s an emotional scene, or you want to match the orange glow of golden hour. In these cases, you might dial down your color temperature for warmer colors,” says Leonard.
Different color temperatures correspond to different moods and environments. As a filmmaker, it’s important to know the aesthetic effects that different lighting applications will have on your video. Fluorescent lights and bright white CFL (compact fluorescent lamp) or halogen bulbs work well in sterile, professional settings due to their cooler color temperatures. But light sources with warm colors, such as fire, incandescent bulbs, or sunset, connote nostalgia and warmth due to their lower Kelvin temperatures.
Gaining confidence with Kelvin.
However you choose to go about the color rendering process, it starts with a balanced color temperature. Knowing the science behind color temperature will help you get the results you want when you’re ready to get creative with editing your video. For hands-on practice, learn the steps of color correction in Adobe Premiere Rush. The more you work with different scenes in editing software, the faster you’ll get at balancing color temperatures and making the right calls in-camera.