Person using the histogram tool to edit their landscape photo


Sharpen photos and correct exposures with the histogram tool.

View brightness levels, tones, and color intensity all in one place. Learn to read the histogram graph on your camera or in photo editing software to help enhance photo details.   

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Eliminate exposure and setting errors with a histogram.

Discover how this digital bar graph determines a photo’s exposure accuracy — and helps you to avoid the errors that can ruin a great shot. Learn how to read left and right side run-offs, decipher a “bunched-up” histogram, and shoot in raw format for more editing options with Lightroom’s post-processing histogram tool. Plus, find out how using a histogram before can make for a better print after.

How your camera’s histogram can help.

Checking the histogram on a digital camera LCD screen

If you’re in the middle of a shoot, you can check the histogram on your camera’s LCD screen or in your viewfinder. Make adjustments if you’re surprised to find any of the following:

Left side run-off.

If you see high-frequency tones or peaks running off the left side of your histogram, that means your blacks are being clipped, and your camera is not picking up all of the shadow detail that it might. This type of “low-key” image might be what you’re going for, but if it isn’t, you can let in more light by lowering the shutter speed, widening the aperture, or raising the ISO (light sensitivity) of your camera. Each of these fixes can reduce the image quality, but you can experiment with slight adjustments to all three to get the combination of brightness and sharpness that you want.

Right side run-off.

If your image is “high-key,” you might expect peaks on the right side of the histogram. But if those peaks are cut off at the right edge, the image may be overexposed, meaning the highlight detail is washed out. In this case, take a shorter exposure, narrow your aperture, or lower the ISO to reduce the light your camera is capturing.

A bunched-up histogram.

If all your tones are packed into one area of your histogram, and there’s a lot of space on either side, the contrast may be too low. If you’re shooting in a controlled environment, you can add light to intensify highlights and deepen shadows. If the environment is out of your control, try reframing your photo to include contrasting elements or plan to adjust contrast in post-processing.

Three digital cameras provide an example of the same image captured with different lighting

Shoot in a raw file format to maximize editing options.

It’s important to remember that there is no single correct histogram shape. As subject and lighting conditions vary, so will the histogram that captures that information. If you shoot in an uncompressed, raw format, all of the information that your camera captures will be retained. Then you can decide in post-processing what to keep and what to discard. Experiment with the histogram to avoid losing shadow or highlight details.

How the histogram helps in post-processing.

In Lightroom, you can find the histogram at the top of the right-hand panel. If your shadows are clipped, the gray triangle in the left corner of the histogram will turn white. Click the triangle or tap the J key to show shadow clipping, and the clipped shadows will turn blue so you can see them in the photo.

If your highlights are clipped, the triangle in the top right corner of the histogram will turn white. Click the triangle or tap the J key to see the lost highlight detail, which will be colored red. Depending on what you find, you can adjust exposure or contrast as needed. The histogram will change as you move the sliders. You can also click the histogram itself and move to the left or right, and the sliders will move accordingly.

If your histogram frequencies are all bunched up toward the middle with empty space at the edges, your photo might be lacking in contrast. To fix this, deepen the midtones and increase the dynamic range of your image by moving the Contrast slider to the right. Slight adjustments to the Clarity and Sharpening sliders can also increase the dynamic range of your photo.

Using Lightroom to adjust the brightness of an image

Learn how to adjust brightness in Lightroom CC.

Watch this video tutorial for both automatic and manual brightness adjustment.

Using the Highlight and Shadow Clipping warnings in Lightroom

Experiment with Highlight and Shadow Clipping warnings in Lightroom.

Discover shortcuts and tips for maximizing the dynamic range of your photos in this short video by Julieanne Kost, Adobe’s Principal Evangelist for Photoshop and Lightroom. 

Always check the histogram before printing.

Your photo might look perfect on your screen, but when you print it, you find that you’ve clipped blacks and whites. Photographers can make great use of pure black, but blown-out highlights can be especially distracting, as the eye is drawn to places where no ink has been laid on the paper. “I tell my students, if they’re going to print, always look at the histogram first,” photographer and teacher Tina Tryforos says. “Then adjust the right and left sliders to ensure you have a full tonal range in your print.”


When you print, if your photo’s colors look vastly different from what you expected, you might need to calibrate your monitor. Mac and Windows machines offer color calibration tools, but truly accurate calibration requires a colorimeter. These devices measure your screen’s colors against industry color standards and create a unique color profile for your monitor.


With an accurate color profile, as well as a balanced histogram, you can capture the full dynamic range of your photos. You’ll avoid any unpleasant surprises when you print and trust that you’ve maintained shadow and highlight detail when you share images online. And by making the histogram part of your process while shooting, you’ll have better images before you even begin editing. 

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